:The Columbia Spy; :Dec 23, 1830; :None; :3

And now, Friends, neighbt_*B; and fellowcitizens, with such worthy examples before us; and such noble results in prospect, it becomes us to unite our exertions to promote the glory and advantage of our town, our country and our state, in ail things* Let discord, if there jg any, cease $ let union and friendly feelings have p lace iri all put actions and exertions, and success will attend us; nay, must crown our effort*. Por as there is nothing, under providence, which human ingenuity may not devise, or human fortitude aild perseverance overcome ; while we remain firm and united, and determined to promote our own interests and thereby advance the hitppiness of nil, there is nothing that can stay our onward march—no obstruction impede' our v_. -ay—nd opposi tion prevent our final success. _£It was unanimously resbtoeJ, That the Committee of Arrangement be requested to ask the favor of Dr. Cochran and Gen. Porter for copies of their able and appropriate Addresses delivered this day and that they be published.] CotciriUA, Dec. 20_i 1330. Deak Srn—Agreeably to the above Resolution, we do ourselves the pleasure of a«!ring you the favor of furnishing us With a copy of vour very able and appropriate Address delivered at oi_* celebration on Friday last, that we
• may have it published with the proceedings of the day. " We would be _doing 1 injustice to our own feelings, and those of the citizens we represent, if we would not return you our grateful thanks for your attendance and co-operation ¦with us on the 1. 7th inst. Respectfully s Your obedient servants, RomsiiT W. Houston,") <b GeOv BrATTT, I _B * -jjjjttispii Mosirnn, Vg ¦ _t_|_pVf|>s:Es _MosreoMKRr, J o Gen. Giohge STPonTEit, Lancaster. Lancastbti, pec. 20,1S30. To Messrs. R. W. Houston, G. Beatty, J. Mosher, G. C. Lloyd, and M. Montgomery, the committee of arrangement at the celebration in Columbia, on the 17th Dec. 1S30. _fxssTLT.ycT.y—Vour favor has reached me this day, covering a Resolution which you state was unanimously adopted, requesting you to call on Dr. Cochran and myself for copies of our Addresses delivered at your celebration. For the kindness and _Tionor you have done me, not only in your prerent letter, but when with you at your eelebration, I beg yon to receive my warmest thanks t—and to assure yon that I consider myself under an obligation of lasting gratitude. I am exceedingly embarrassed with your request—I know not how I can comply with it. What you aTe pleased to call my " A._dbhv._«k" was the mere thoughts of the moment—without preparation, arrangement or method. Not having made any memoranda at the time, I fear that it will be impossible for me now to commit to paper what. I then said. Kny, 1 am certain, that absent from the spot, and without the scene and objects then around me which gave excitement to the moment, I cannot ftrruish you with any thing- like all of what I then said. I however dislike apologies, and shall hastily give you the substance of what I now believe I then said: And I bug of you to do rrie the favor-to add, alter or amend it, as you T/_uy think _titsbestfary to make it in ymir opinion more .Kk(_gtorhat was said. _Wy engagements are suenfas to prevent mo from transcribing what I have first written. Be ro goo«l, therefore, as to excuse its rough appearance. With sentiments of much respect, Tour friend and ob't. servant, G. B. Pouter. The following 1 is the Address alluded to in the above correspondence. My Friestis xs-n FEttnTV-ciTrzuy!? i I, for the first time, heard of Jiis Celebration, late last night; when, on returning home, I received the polite invitation of your Committee of Arrangement to meet with you lievethis day. Little however did I suppose, that on coming here to see you, upon this interesting occasion, I was to he complimented publicly for the humble exertions! made n--e of when a member nf the State' Legislature. Your Orator has done ¦me-more than justice _s and the kind manner in which vou h:ive received his notice of me ¦ calls for the expression of my warmest ac-. knowledg_^-menis. Having a\reatly^»id tha_^
• until 1 heard it on this spot, 1 haornot the 'least idea of being thus called on to return ' you my thank«, I am of course wholly 1 uni prepared. You have called _itponjne to address .you, which I will cheerfully do, but you will be disappointed if yAU_^_xpl ct. from
• me Hiiy thing more than _aSjetf ^^_Ultbry ¦ remarks. - : Jjjk,*¦ ,$$. _-_*'%$ ¦ When. I took my seat init^|_IoflS«CHeil rpsentaiives, I soon _fqi_^_ncOTft^^^^_gewft r fowa as opposed to trie Ix_^m _dWmernal Improvement then _goingjp'orf in the State. Some diversity of "0©°" ' "_^ tn ' s _subW.t, h»d existed in the,County : "But much ijBs. tice
•\_%s_<lnne us. You well, recollectJniat previwijjly to this the internal _iniprot_^_Aent Convention had heen held at HarriwB-pj. The _chainman of _yoiircommittee of arrangement, (Ms;. K- W. Hous_;_onl who was a delegate, can inform you, what was the course pursued by a _gentleman who stands deservedly high in your estimation, (llje Hon- ,1 _,sis. Ruchaiian).&nd myself _iiKthat Convention. We fearlessl y asserted tJutg_£Ltmcaster Conn_, ty was notlinirUcal to int1£|f»l improvement. •Thiit slic was opposed _tasSEKi _W>_vaffance and the useless expenditure of public money, we ' _ifcww. And _iiur argument was this :— : 'Get the most able aad skilful engineers ; explore ¦m inutely.and particularly tie several routes ¦prpposed'Torxupoectinjj the West with the
• Ea_^t ; rely or_^ ths 1 _patriotism and eond sense
• of the Representatives of the _.riepple, for
• _susuinin_^ you, _^n jjoiujj on with_'.the _tnosi _practicable route lay down a, system tor _s'_vuaitijgMnoney 'to pay for "it; go to work tfenowmgly and mfcvisedty ; and we promise \* ff* _ifit_^_LAnc_^i^^CoimtysiKj'ar from oppo-«iif<r_,wi\_ffl_^^_t( l t^«i} -d.i-ha_^d ,wUh you in tliese, a_^_TveTRp_^_tvother nn-aBiires, for the gnoi! of S l \e'ft«w' r * t Thrge.' r - ,\B,n£>ve pro Jested ag\it"!st "running: _JieadSJonfj into the _Iri/i-ine&s-.wtaliinir knew ledtjivviin 1 out means, _vr«._houv&ystfcT>: _expending i_^_Mions in'nvaking (fxperimea ts; andWsgi&i i of the _cit ._zens of die State, generally , with such imprudent-conduct; ihppreci&nr of'such ruinous cnRs«_juences"—Vbis my friends was our _npiuitm on that occasion _pod I for one have never see _* n cuuse to _ciianij
• it. Hut this was Construed by many into :u ! _oppositioh to In ternal Improvements ' . -- . \ml hence in the _MSsiou of 18-7-8, _LaiiCM icr county had _rioi
in the H. K. a member on the Committee of " _Inland Xdvigatiori uiul Internal improvement. 1 ' At the comniencrnirnt of that session, you must we'll lememher that Uir prospect of) our . being able to accomplish any thing- for j'BUr interest, was dull enough. The gentleman now along side of me (John Forry jr. Esq.) can tell you bow much the dommittee seemed to think the7 had done for us when they agreed to put in 'he Bill, the Hail Road fi-om this place to Philadelphia;—As to the Canal from Mlddletown to this place th_^y snid it was out of the question. _Thny would not; they did not, put it in the Bill- We had then to take a _bolfl and decisive course. The Orator of the day his told you " ; the faces of you business men ; nnd the interest which your ladies have shewn by honoring Us with their presence dti this joyful occasion, proclaim, how well We succeeded in the arduous duty to be performed., Let me however again remark that you do me too mucli honor. I did nothing more thari my duty. My worthy colleague, here is entitled to your lasting 1 regard and esteem. Tue able assistance which, he then rendered; me ; and the important services performed, foryou are too _Well known tome, to suffer it to pass without remark—Yes my fiends, tlie attachment 1 then formed fnr Mr Forry. while we were working "_sfiontdar U shwlldtr" for your interest, will be lasting as life. _Ut is also a source of pleasing; recollection, that we _Tvcre backed by our colleagues; by the whole _repreacntation from the county. Arid when tha bill was sent to the Senate, you bad the warm and active support of our two senators, Col. Hamilton and MsjorHambrigiit, Where all did their duly all are entitled to just cdmmendation. Pleasing as the recollfiction of Che past may be, let me remind you, fellow-citizens, that you have a ereat'deal to do. Much must be accomplished before you will really know the advantages to be derived from the passage of the law of 1827. But little has been done towards _completing the Rail-road; and no inconsiderable part, of the canal between this place and the _Swatara is yet to be made. We hope, nay, we confidently erpect that the members from this county in tho present legislature, will do their duty :—that they wiil see the propriety—the necessity there is for completing the public works already commenced and in progress;—and that their _consituents expect them to _pursnf such a course of policy, as will ensure an appropriation for completing vour canal and rail-road. His Excellency the ( ._5ov-Binor presents the whole subject to the Legislature in its proper light. In his me«sagPj the citizens of 1 the State tind a full snd clear exposition of our situation:—of what baa bo.en done, and what is yet . to do. The present board of canal commissioners hrt_^e Wen indefatigable in the discharge of their dtuios;—have done more than the most sanguine friends of the system could have cipectett; and their report will doubtless be both able and interesting. Let the legislature do their duty towards you, and under such men, as these canal commissiotiBr', an3~ _~_jMiir able Superintendent; Mr. Barber, bnt _liltta timfi will be 'necessary to complete these _objects of such great interest,—of such vital _importance to this place. Permit roe _however to suggest to you, that you shield make, your wishes known to your representatives. In th ; s republican State, where,tlie'doctrine As tdojw.ell established to.be controverted, thai the representative is bound by the will of his constituents, you cannot ofl'end your members by an expression of your sentiments. The day is. not far j-distant when the most sceptical will be convinced of the advantages to be derived from these improvements. But a few years ago it would have been called madness, to have said ;—nay, at the* present time there are many «o laugh at the assertion, that en the Rail-road from this place to Philadelphia is completed, you may se _^^^ roxn here after breakfast—cyffipHwith your ' friends in Philadelphia—and return to sup with your family the same evening; —and that a barrel of Flour [alludmg to what he wss standing on, which had been unloaded fronrthe _? Boats] can be delivered in Philadelphia for less than six cents. The experiments already made will con-»_jynce every one who will read for _j fiirnself: and' he who will not inform himself,-will it is to be hoped, .soon see and believe. If the Legislature will not provide the means for the immediate completion of your Canaland Railroad, aslc them to give to our citizens the privilege of doing it:— There are enough, who can foresee the advantages to be derived from it, and who are wiling to invest th"ir capital in stock _sufficient to finish it forthwith. I feel both pride and pleasureas » native, citizen of, Pennsylvania, in anticipating; the sight which in iv few years will present _itseifii' n _visitinu;ihis _Banin. When the produce from the remotest corner of the statq—the immeasequantiriesof Coal, Lumber. &c. with which our state abounrU, will be brought <o this spot, and here loaded on the Rail Road" cars, and taken to the metropolis of our own state, where character and capital always ensure a ready, certain and fair market. Yes wil! go further. Immediately after the com[.le-t,i_on of the public works now in proxKAAs-, i hope to see the continuation to Lake Erie, And when the Beaver and Shenango route shall be completed let there be a communication made between it, and the Ohio Canal, and the great body nf the surplus produce o) that enterprising stale will be brought into tl»is Basin. The advantages we will have, in the spring of each ' year, over _trTe New York Cinul are so dp . cidedly/in our _fitvor, that this predirtion must in a few year ' s be verified. — And what ¦will _bz this athount of mer . chandize take'ri from Philadelphia an. nually_. and conveyed _through this place to the west, I will not _venture to pat a name on. Any thing 1 ivoiric] say, might fall short of the reality. .Thatyou may fnjoy a_^l these ad¬ vantages ; that, the _business -brought by your doors may warrant the _increase of your delightful Borough to ten time« its present size ; _,_antl that you may long continue to be blessed with health, wealth aad. prosperity i&/.the sincere prayer of him whohow addresses you; who has been bo kindly welcomed to ail the pleasures and the hospitality of this proud day. I perhaps owe you an apology for hating so long detained yon : and more especiallyforspeaking at all on the subject which has been _stJ»bly handled by the talented and. worthy gentlemab who has just addressed .you, ' The Committee, would -fee doing injustice to their own feelings if they did not return their grateful thanks to Dr-Cochran and Gen. Porter, for their cheerful co-operation with them in the proceedings of the day. Also to the Chief Burgess, Assistant Burgess, and Town Council, to the members of the Wrightsville Band, to nor Friends from Lancaster, Wrightsville, and Washington, that joined in the celebratiooj and to our own citizens who so cheerfully participated with us. and parlifcutarly to the ladies, who by their presence evinced that they too are interested in the prosperity of, the Town? County and State. The ceremonies of the ncrasion closed with a splendid Ball at Mr. Jeffries' in the _evening at which a very large and beautiful col. lection of ladies attended. It afford* ihe Committee pleasure l» add, that notwithstanding _tht number of pel" sons was very great, no accident of any kind occurred to mar the _rejoicing on the occasion. _Koivsit W. _HorsTos ,_^ (>E!>. I3E.VTTT, Joo-.i'ii Mosur.it, Gnu. C. _Iji.(iyii , Jons L. WriohT) I ton* L. BOSWIILI r> ::.._^ _^_onmMttd w;;.DiCK, , M. Moy-reuxEtiTt Peteu F GontbRj Joiix _Vaphhiet , " '" " Unawr. B. \Vni'a% .. ¦ ' . _JoiiH Ml'MCLABKj J -aae Pub to« " _8rT." I obserTfn in the Sun a _jlirr.e Uken fr'etn the Miner' * Journal of the _Srih ultimo, over the signature of _Veritan, pointing- out the advantages that would result to the trade of Philadelphia by making; a Hail Road from Shamokin to Pottsv _' -lle, nnd thence to Philadelphia, instead of the roll_'.e by Columbia, &c. His first position is, trut tlie distance " _ia 14 miles _thorter;" may it not be twice or. tlirice 14 miles worse ground to pasR 'uver, and of course more difficult to inake ? From its locality we may. fairly judge that it i _^ nol so level; but admitting 14 miles to be frain__ ed in distance, say one hour's drive on a Rail Road, what would be the superior ad. vantages gained ? The counties above Shamokin constitute but a smull part of the immense value of country throug-h which the Pennsylvania Canal and Columbia and Phil_, adelphia It-ill Road passes.—What according to Veritas* plan is to become ot the produce of the rich countries of Chester, Lancaster, York, Adams, &c to the'west and those bor< dering on the Siisquehanna between Columbia and _Shamokiu, or en tlie -Juniatji_, and from thence westwavdly to Ohio, &c. The trade of all this fine country according t0 the doctrine of Veritas, must be _abandonee and given up (without an efl'ort to _relieve themjto the Baltimore market, and t may add the superior market of Baltimore, superior we are led to conclude, if the following reasonings of "Voritas.are correct:— _1. ' I'liat tlie Susq'iehanna trade must be diverted e ' uher at the junctiiui of it* branches or above the junction, from some part on the N. E. brancii of the _Susquehannu' 2.
• '1 hat unlea3 there is a diversion from il>e Shamokin basin the West branch trade is inevitably lout to Philadelphia-' ¦ ¦ ¦ 3.
• That the Danville route and that of Shamokin form _^junction about 5 miles from Boyd'i>inili above Danville, and S miles from the town, constituting what is well known by the name <rf the _Slmmckin route, and that in no oilier way can there be any ration_* hope of securing-'the Irade o_^_botlrbranclfts to Piii lade) phU aud the ftuil Road.' ' HavIng ' succe_^_Sed so far, _^Veritas acids) havingshu* _^ _jffK the Sh_»tnok.in " rbute 1 'Wou\d effect tlrc_^_ftrpifse of diwertinfj the trade in question/rom Baltimore and in the shortest iliatance _. lhat no other route-would secure i his tr»de, or could be constructed with the iume saving- ot distance, one would suppose ihat there was.no alu-rnnlive but _' that the Suamokiu ' route _muav tic _adupted'by those
Xow if the trade with Baltiirlflre is so far >«peri*f to that of Philadelphia, its Verita* would have it to be, if her rn'_erchants are more honest, more f»ir and Honorable in their
• •leadings with the farmers and trailers ui 3hamokin and its neighborhood, or if the demand there for.cottnlry produce Will ena * i>le thein to give a higher price for them lhan can betibtained in Philadelphia, why does VerHas wish to deprive the ihliabiUnts of that section of country of such superior advantage*, by striving 1 to compel _trigm to go by the Simmokin roilte to Philadelphia. If Veritaa is correct, it is time lor the iKhabitaws of the different sections of our liig-hly favored country in be awake to tlieir true interest, to use every honomble exertion in their power unitedly to obtain a free and uninterrupted intercourse with every part of the union. In a national point of view Baltimore is a p _'a_rt of the great whole and if her market is the most inviting-why deprive ourselves of the benefit of it. I would by no means cutofftlietrada with Philadelphia, f would have the intercourse with both cities, indeed with every city, town and country as free as the air we breathe, as free at least as the united efforts of all could make it, and let the merchants and traders choose f_> t themselves. And notwithstanding all that _Veriiss has said or could sny, 1 believe there is nn better tnarket than Philadelphia, _snd no tVirer or more honorable dealers than her merchants, only finish the Pennsylvania Canal and _Columbia and Philadelphia Rail M:>ad, and she will return her full proportion of trade, whether the _SUamokin route is ever finished or not, without any fear of her rival Msler. This I presume 19 _whut the ehlightened citizens of Philadelphia would adopt as a fair and patriotic principle. I know them too well and ha_^e. too hi gh an opinion uf ih_'em _)o believe that they would unite with _Vtfrifas in his contracted policy—'they stand too _hiRll as merchants and good cili. zens to admit, for one moment, either hit policy or his creed—and unless the Pennsylvania. Canal and Columbia and Philadelphia Hail Road lire finished, depend upon it, the trade of the _SmtjMehanna will force it* way to tide water und the farmers and traders of Hhamofcm, fee- will choose a market for themselves, they are too independent to be forced to any place. A pipce appeared in the tUHImnre Chronicle and Usily Marylahder of the 4th of Drr.ember, inst relative to a _Huil Uoad communication fvotn the city of Washington vi» Uallimure, York-town, Wrightsville, Columbia, Lancaster, Philadelphia, & from thence to the city of New Y'jrk—thjs J9 liberal and national, ami would furnish »n opportunity i ' ar _Irxntpfyrt ' mg the United Slate* mail.from
• he commercial emporium to the capital of (he nation in (_henhortesf possible time, without risk from robberr or delay _j beside«add' m K g-reitly to tlie interest of the common¬ wealth, by increasing the tolls on the Rail tt-iad between York-town and Philadelphia, altnont bsyohd _calculation, in short this scheme is too patriotic to be objected to by sny true friend of hii _cntntry, for * What ii patriotism Ms it a narrow affection for the spot where a man was born ? Are the very clods where we tread entitled to this ardent preference because they are greener I No! this is not the character of the virtue, and it soars higher for its object; it in an ex'ended self-love, mingling 1 Itself with the minutest filiments of the heart.'—* It is enough to be Americans j that character comprehends our duties and ought to _engtoss our attachment.' L.